From the East Coast as far west as Nebraska, autumn olive is an aggressive in… Before it was labeled a noxious weed, autumn olive was often described as “fragrant” in flower, and as “stunning” … Elaeagnus umbellata Autumn olive. The foliage is thick and dense with scaly hairs on the surface. 2003. Alternate, elliptic to ovate in outline, approximately 1 1/4 to 3 inches long, 1/2 to 1 1/4 inches wide. It's a large, spreading, spiny branched shrub 12-18 feet tall and wide. (2.5 cm) wide. Naturalization of Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) in Utah. Plant and Soil. APG IV Classification: ... Elaeagnus Family Elaeagnaceae. Elaeagnus Umbellata from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: vigorous spreading shrub or small tree. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16’ tall and to 20-30’ wide. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. Europe and northern Asia. Flowers are funnel-shaped, about ½ inch long and nearly as wide, with 4 spreading, triangular, petal-like sepals that are creamy white to pale yellow, fused at the base forming a slender, 4-sided tube that is a little longer than the sepal lobes. (Elaeagnus umbellata) Other Names: Japanese Silverberry, Umbellata Oleaster, Autumn Elaeagnus, Spreading Oleaster Range: Family: Elaeagnaceae - The Oleaster Family Growth Type: Somewhere between a hefty shrub and a small, tough, sprawling tree. – autumn olive Subordinate Taxa. It is easily recognized by the silvery, dotted underside of the leaves. Elaeagnus umbellata Schneid. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellataThunberg) Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifoliaL.) Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an ornamental shrub first introduced to North America in the mid-1800s. The wild olive is a tree mainly cultivated for its fruit, which, in general, is acid and eatable. It is common, especially on dry and exposed places on the hills. Look for several gnarled spreading trunks emanating from a single point. Elaeagnus umbellata. Elaeagnus umbellata. Facts about Goumi Berry Goumi or Gumi scientifically known as Elaeagnus multiflora are the fruit of the deciduous to semi-evergreen shrub of the Elaeagnaceae family. ex Royle) C.K. 70(1): 133-137. It is a coastal breed of E. umbellata and is found west of the Kanto region. Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. Characteristics: There are around 45 species of shrubs and small trees in this genus. Clambey, Gary K. 1992. Christensen, Earl M. 1963. Elaeagnus umbellata usually grows as a shrub with a widely spreading crown. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Genus: Elaeagnus. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous Shrub growing to 4.5 m (14ft) by 4 m (13ft) at a medium rate. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn-olive) Eupatorium album; Eupatorium hyssopifolium (hyssop-leaved thoroughwort) Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) Eupatorium pilosum (ragged thoroughwort) ... Eupatorium torreyanum is a perennial herb in the aster family, 1.0 to 1.5 m tall. This article focuses on shrubs. It can fix nitrogen in its roots. This shrub’s silvery foliage, showy flowers, and colorful berries made it popular in landscaping, though it was also planted extensively for a period of time in natural areas to provide erosion control, wind breaks, and wildlife food. It can fix Nitrogen. Family: Eleagnaceae. Elaeagnus umbellata, commonly called autumn olive or autumnberry, is a large deciduous shrub or small sprawling tree of the Oleaster family that typically matures to 10-16’ tall and to 20-30’ wide.It is native to China, Japan and Korea. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive is native to Europe and Asia and is a riparian tree in the Elaeagnaceae family. Genus: Elaeagnus (e-lee-AG-nus) Common: Silverberry, Autumn Olive, Goumi Berry, Russian Olive. euumbellata Servettaz, Bull. Photographer: James H. Miller Source: USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org Description. (2.5 cm) wide. Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive berry) and Elaeagnus multiflora (goumi berry) are also in this family. Synonym(s): Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster Family) Duration and Habit: Perennial Shrub. The nitrogen-fixing capabilities of these species can interfere with the nitrogen cycle of nativ… parvifolia (Wall. Pronunciation: e-le-AG-nus um-bel-LA-ta. The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan. in the genus Elaeagnus (family Elaeagnaceae). The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … It is a particular threat to open and semi-open areas. It is a very attractive plant because of its silvery foliage and fragrant flowers. Autumn Olive. Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Seeds are dispersed by birds. (5-8 cm) long and 1 in. is found growing wild, commonly in the forests of Himachal Pradesh at altitudes ranging from 1,200 to 2,100 metres. Red fruit makes good jelly. Foliage Leaves are alternate, 2-3 in. Elaeagnus umbellata Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) Description: This is a woody shrub about 10-20' tall that branches frequently; it is usually a little taller than wide. The American Midland Naturalist. Tiny, fragrant, silvery owers in fall. It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Elaeagnus umbellata subsp. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States. The underside of the dark green leaf is covered with silver-white scales. The plant is native to China, Korea and Japan. Flower: 2 to 10 short-stalked flowers in the leaf axils of the current year's new branches. Family: Elaeagnaceae. Elaeagnus umbellata can grow well on a variety of soils, including sandy, loamy, and somewhat clayey textures with a pH range of 4.8-6.5 (Holtz 1981, in Eckardt and Sather, 1987). Eleagnus umbellata is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. Autumn-olive isn't a plant intended for the home landscape, but has several ornamental characteristics none the less. Facts: Elaeagnus. 251(2): 219-225. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous shrub from 3-20 ft. (0.9-6.1 m) in height with thorny branches. var. In New England, autumn olive has escaped from cultivation and is progressively invading natural areas. rotundifolia) is a variant with rounded leaves of Elaeagnus umbellata which is a deciduous shrub in the family Elaeagnaceae. – autumn olive Variety: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Type: Broadleaf. Leaves. It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from September to November. It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Elaeagnus rotundifolia (Scientific name: Elaeagnus umbellata var. Oleaster Family (Elaeagnaceae) Origin: East Asia. Infectivity and effectivity of Frankia strains from the Rhamnaceae family on different actinorhizal plants. Common name: Autumn Elaeagnus . It's self-fertile, and berries ripen in September. Herb. Boissier, ser. [6951] 42. Leaves are alternate, 2-3 in. Elaeagnus umbellata is known as Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster, autumn olive, autumn elaeagnus, or spreading oleaster. The Goumi plant is grown in some places for its edible fruit though predominantly it is grown as an ornamental shrub. Leaves are 24 inches long; they are silvery on both sides when young, later dark green above and silvery beneath. coreana (H.Lév.) * The Plant List does not attempt to include all … Elaeagnus umbellata var. H.Lév. Elaeagnaceae – Oleaster family Genus: Elaeagnus L. – oleaster Species: Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Origin: Native to Asia & Southern Europe. It is easily recognized by the silvery, dotted underside of the leaves. Russian olive is a medium-sized deciduous tree that is drought-resistant. euumbellata : Elaeagnus umbellata Thunberg, subsp. Background Autumn olive was introduced into the United States in 1830 and widely planted as an ornamental, for wildlife habitat, as windbreaks and to restore deforested and … The central trunk on mature shrubs (if any) is short; it has gray bark that is split and furrowed. Foliage. Gilt Edge has striking yellow leaf margins. The twigs and undersides of leaves are covered with silvery scales (and a few brown scales) and the fruit is red and juicy. The leaves are simple and alternate and the margins are entire (no teeth). Common Name(s) Autumn Olive, Japanese Silverberry: Scientific Name: Elaeagnus umbellata: Family: Elaeagnaceae: Location/Vegetative Zone: Thicket: Flowering Period Jump to navigation Jump to search. This plant has no children Legal Status. Upper leaf surfaces are dark green while leaf undersides are covered with grayish or silver 'scales'. Description Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family. [53193] 41. Etymology: Elaeagnus: Greek elala for "the olive" and agnos Greek name for Chaste-tree Vitix agnus-castus Plants: erect, perennial, to 20' tall shrub; stems twigs have coppery-silver scales Leaves: oval, 1"-3" long; coppery-silver scales Flowers: cream Fruits: pink-red berry Habitat: sun - partial sun; disturbed, fields, woods, wood edges Invasiveness: Restricted Invasive - Eradicate! Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Russian olive may also escape from cultivation, but so far is less common. Family Elaegnaceae Scientific Name Elaeagnus umbellata ← → Other Common Names: oleaster. The abundance of fruit, which is readily dispersed by birds, is key to the success of this species. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) that grows to approximately 20 feet in height. Leaves are alternate, oval to lanceolate, and untoothed. Elaeagnus umbellata is a deciduous shrub from 3-20 ft. (0.9-6.1 m) in height with thorny branches. Genus Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit Details E. umbellata is a deciduous bushy shrub to around 5m tall and wide. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of an infraspecific taxon* of the species Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Elaeagnus umbellata was first planted as an ornamental tree and for wildlife cover and has now become an invasive species of disturbed sites, mostly in southern Wisconsin. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. (5-8 cm) long and 1 in. Both autumn olive and Russian olive tolerate poor soil conditions and may alter the processes of natural succession. Flowers in the forests of Himachal Pradesh elaeagnus umbellata family altitudes ranging from 1,200 to 2,100 metres when young later... 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