Soils are homes to a diverse range of organisms such as worms and termites. The Importance of Sampling Soil. management decisions. By feeling the soil you can tell a lot about the types of particles it is made up of. (learn more about soil ecosystem) Texture refers to the ‘feel’ of the soil. • free, and, with practice, highly accurate. It shows you what kind of soil you are working on by taking into consideration the soil’s components. A vital function of soil is storing and supplying minerals and nutrients essential for plant life. Think about these questions today as we learn more about geology: Why is soil an important resource? By understanding a little about the soil's physical properties and its relationship to soil moisture, you can make better soil-management decisions. The soil profile Soil horizons. When it comes to the end, making a good soil is more important for the crop production. Why is it Important to Know the Soil Texture? Texture is important because it influences: the amount of water the soil can hold the rate of water movement through the soil how workable and fertile the soil is. How does changing the make-up of your… They can hold water and nutrients, take time to dry out, can be easily compacted when wet and often are associated with poor drainage that limits the use of the fields during wet weather. Email the author. Loams are classified as sandy, silty, or clay-rich, depending on which grade is dominant (Figure 10.6). The two Soil texture is the proportion of sand, silt, and clay in the soil. In terms of soil texture, those made up of smaller particle sizes, such as in the case of silt and clay, have larger surface area. Department of Crop and Soil Sciences 1 College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Soil texture is an important soil characteristic that drives crop production and field management. A soil’s texture depends on the proportion of sand, silt or clay it contains. They provide the needed moisture and air for the breakdown of organic matter. It is important to note that the pH scale is a logarithmic scale, meaning that each whole number is a factor of 10 larger or smaller than the one next to it. The inorganic materials are the non-living aspects of the soil such as minerals and rocks while the organic materials are the living aspects of the soil such as the soil micro-organisms. Your plants will find what your pH of soils should be. The larger the surface area the easier it is for the soil to hold onto water so it has a higher water holding capacity. This is affected by the constituent materials found within it, specifically sand, silt and clay particles. A soil test is essential to determine soil fertility levels and make good nutrient . Dense, clay-type soils can remain too moist, causing roots to drown, while sandy soils can drain too quickly for roots to absorb moisture. 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