In: Annales historiques de la Révolution française 2013/1 (No. Davidson, Ian (2016) The French Revolution: From Enlightenment to Tyranny. His speech on December 3 rallied the hesitant. Maximilien Robespierre was a radical democrat and key figure in the French Revolution of 1789. To this day, among historians, Robespierre is a very controversial figure. "The Political Ideas of Maximilien Robespierre during the Period of the Convention". His mother died when Robespierre was an infant and his father abandoned the family shortly after, leaving Robespierre and his siblings to be raised by their grandparents. Peter McPhee, « « Mes forces et ma santé ne peuvent suffire ». 6. 263-264, P.C. Histoire de la Révolution française. "Robespierre and the Terror", Linton, Marisa. In March 1789 the citizens of Arras chose him as one of their representatives, and the Third Estate (the commons) of the bailiwick elected him fifth of the eight deputies from Artois. Maximilien Robespierre, radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. What is the Third Estate? online, Sanson, Henri (1876). Grounded in ancient history and the works of the French philosophers of the Enlightenment, he welcomed the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which formed the preamble of the French constitution of September 3, 1791, and he insisted that all laws should conform to it. In accordance with the Jacobins, they controlled the time known as the Reign of Terror, due to their influence in the accumulation of murders of those opposed to the revolution. Died: July 28, 1794 in Paris, France. ", Sepinwall, Alyssa Goldstein. He succeeded in making himself heard despite the weak carrying power of his voice and the opposition he aroused, and his motions were usually applauded. As a young man, he studied law and had a reputation for honesty and compassion. One of the most well-known members of the Constituent Assembly was Maximilien Robespierre. ... Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins are best known for a.Sending French troops to fight in the American Revolution In May he had successfully proposed that all new deputies be elected to the next legislature so that, as a new body, it would better express the people’s will. "Revolutionary Connection: 'The Incorruptible' Maximilian Robespierre and the 'Schoolmaster of Chartism' Bronterre O’Brien. In all, the committee oversaw some 17,000 official executions. ... Advocate Robespierre became an advocate. OCLC 764094902. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The Marseillaise Audio and Lyrics. rallying French support for the American Revolution. 900 seconds. He probably made his maiden speech on May 18, 1789, and he was to speak more than 500 times during the life of the National Assembly. Before the overthrow of the monarchy Robespierre was a hesitant and anxious lawyer whose physical countenance was fatigued and pale. The Girondins—who favoured political but not social democracy and who controlled the government and the civil service—accused Robespierre of dictatorship from the first sessions of the National Convention. Author of. "'My Strength and My Health Are not Great Enough': Political Crises and Medical Crises in the Life of Maximilien Robespierre, 1790-1794. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was a French lawyer, politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. Maximilien Robespierre, in full Maximilien-François-Marie-Isidore de Robespierre, (born May 6, 1758, Arras, France—died July 28, 1794, Paris), radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. He exonerated the mob, and on September 5 the people of Paris elected him to head the delegation to the National Convention. Maximilien Robespierre © Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician who became one of the most influential figures of the French Revolution. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was a French lawyer and statesman who was one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. Questions and answers about Maximilien Robespierre. During the Terror, the committee exercised virtual dictatorial control over the French government. In April 1790, he preside… In April he had presided over the Jacobins, a political club promoting the ideas of the French Revolution. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. There he opposed the European war that Jacques-Pierre Brissot was advocating as a means of spreading the aims of the Revolution. He and other representatives of the Third Estate joined together to form the short-lived National Assembly, which was eventually replaced by the Legislative Assembly and, later, the National Convention. 2 (2011): 188-213 by Elisabeth Cross, Lazare Carnot, republican patriot, by Huntley Dupre, p. 48, Collection Complète des Lois, Décrets, Ordonnances, Réglements, p. 330, Mémoires de Charles Barbaroux, député à la convention nationale ..., Volume 5 by Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux, Charles O. Barbaroux, p. 62, "The journée of 20 June, the Brunswick Manifesto, the taking of the Tuileries, the end of the monarchy, the September massacres - A People's History of the French Revolution", "F. Furet & M. Ozouf (1989) A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution, p. 139", The French Revolution: From Enlightenment to Tyranny by Ian Davidson, p. xiv, 126, Mémoires de Charlotte Robespierre sur ses deux frères, p. 76, Jacques Pierre Brissot in America and France, 1788–1793: In Search of Better ... by Bette W. Oliver, p. 112, The French Legislative Assembly of 1791 by C. J. Mitchell, p. 174, "Maximilien, François, Marie, Isidore, Joseph de Robespierre — Base de données des députés français depuis 1789 — Assemblée nationale", The Works: With Memoirs of His Life and Writings by Robert Anderson, Volume 3 by John Moore, p. 377-379, The Enlightenment that Failed: Ideas, Revolution, and Democratic Defeat ... By Jonathan I. Israel, p. 483, The French Revolution: Faith, Desire and Politics by Noah Shusterman, p. 147, "All of His Power Lies in the Distaff: Robespierre, Women and the French Revolution", Oeuvres de Maximilien Robespierre, Band 9 by Maximilien Robespierre,p. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the latter months of 1793, he … SURVEY. ", Fouche & Robespierre, le 9 thermidor by Arnaud Louis Raoul Comte de Martel, p. 238-239, "The public prosecutor of the Terror by A.Q. La chute de Robespierre, p. 112, "The Life of Maximilien Robespierre: With Extracts from His Unpublished Correspondence", http://www.persee.fr/doc/ahrf_0003-4436_1992_num_287_1_1479, "Projet de procès-verbal des séances de 9, 10 et 11 thermidor par Charles Duval, p. 34", "Les journées de Prairial an II : le tournant de la Révolution ? 1792-09-26 Marc-David Lasource begins accusing Maximilien Robespierre of wanting a dictatorship for France; 1794-07-27 Maximilien Robespierre is overthrown in a coup in Paris; 1794-07-28 French Revolutionary figure Maximilien Robespierre and 22 other leaders of "the Terror" guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris On June 2 the decree was passed against 29 of them. Maximilien Robespierre (6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) is one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. On Giving Women the Right of Citizenship by Condorcet. La société des Jacobins: Mars à novembre 1794. Henceforth, he spoke only at the Jacobin Club, where he was to be heard about 100 times, until August 1792. On 14 Octobre 1923, a plaque was placed on the house at 9 Rue Maximilien Robespierre (formerly Rue des Rapporteurs) rented by the three Robespierre siblings in 1787–1789, in the presence of the mayor Gustave Lemelle, Albert Mathiez and Louis Jacob. The period from 1793 to 1794 was know as "Reign of terror". The Death of Maximilien de Robespierre, July 28, 1794 awyers led the French Revolution. Hamel, Ernest (1897) Thermidor: d'après les sources originales et les documents authentiques (in French) (2nd ed.). crises politiques, crises médicales dans la vie de Maximilien Robespierre, 1790-1794 », Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 371 | 2013, 137-152. At the king’s trial, which began in December 1792, Robespierre spoke 11 times and called for death. (Date was actually just during 1781, not January 1st.) He entered academic competitions, and his “Mémoire sur les peines infamantes” (“Report on Degrading Punishments”) won first prize at the Academy of Metz. The ‘federalist’ uprisings, the Committee of Public Safety, the assassination of Marat, the Enragés and the popular movement, the general maximum, A Natural History of Revolution: Violence and Nature in the French revolutionary imagination, 1789-1794 by Mary Ashburn Miller, p. 200, Les Actes du Gouvernement Révolutionnaire, p. XI, Robespierre by Patrice Gueniffey, p. 312. See more ideas about French revolution, Maximilien, Revolution. Maximilien Robespierre was born on May 6th, 1758 in Arras, Artois, France. Q. Maximilien Robespierre is best known in Frnech history for. Maximilien Robespierre lost his head—literally. Hazan, Eric (2014) A People's History of the French Revolution. London. He quickly attracted attention in an assembly that included some distinguished names. But that same afternoon his section (an administrative subdivision of Paris), Les Piques, nominated him to the insurrectional Commune. He attended a local school and proved an exceptional student, winning a scholarship to Paris. Continental Europe (380–1906). In many ways it is fitting that Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) is one of the best known figures of the French Revolution, if not its most famous. Maximilien Robespierre began his political career in 1789, when he was elected to represent the Third Estate of Artois in the pre-Revolutionary Estates-General. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the … 290 People Used More Information ›› Robespierre was the architect of the Reign of Terror in France. Flammarion. He was the face of the French Revolution. Built in 1730, the house has had a varied history as a typing school, and a craftsmen's museum, but is now being developed as a Robespierre Museum. On May 26, 1793, Robespierre called on the people “to rise in insurrection.” Five days later he supported a decree of the National Convention indicting the Girondin leaders and Dumouriez’s accomplices. Robespierre briefly presided over the influential Jacobin Club, a political club based in Paris. He defended actors, Jews, and Black enslaved people and supported the reunion of Avignon, formerly a papal possession, with France in September 1791. He fought for universal suffrage, for unrestricted admission to the national guard, to public offices, and to the commissioned ranks of the army, and for the right to petition. His name is often associated with the French Revolution. Proofs of his growing popularity were the ferocious attacks made by the royalist press on this “Demosthenes,” “who believes everything he says,” this “monkey of Mirabeau’s” (the comte de Mirabeau, a politician who wanted to create a constitutional assembly). From 1765 he attended the college of the Oratorians at Arras, and in 1769 he was awarded a scholarship to the famous college of Louis-le-Grand in Paris, where he distinguished himself in philosophy and law. A Peoples' History 1793 – 1844 from the newspapers. (1849) The life of Robespierre, https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.1086/650505, The French Revolution — Part 2 — English subtitles, Biography: essential elements of his life, Conspiracy and Terror in the French Revolution – Marisa Linton (Kingston University) Public Lecture, The Robespierre Problem – Peter McPhee (University of Melbourne) and Colin Jones (University of London) discussion, Robespierre, l'homme qui nous divise le plus. The king’s execution did not, however, resolve the struggle between the Girondins and the Montagnards, the deputies of the extreme left. At the same time, the scarcity of food and the rising prices created a revolutionary mood. Maximilien Robespierre was born in Arras, France, in 1758. When Brissot’s supporters stirred up opinion against him, Robespierre founded a newspaper, Le Défenseur de la Constitution (“Defense of the Constitution”), which strengthened his hand. "Living the Revolutionary Melodrama: Robespierre's Sensibility and the Construction of Political Commitment in the French Revolution. Maximilian Robespierre was the leader of Jacobins club which led a successful revolt and came to power. A death mask made by Madame Tussaud has been used to recreate the likeness of Maximilien de Robespierre - the infamous revolutionary leader. Memoirs of the Sansons: From Private Notes and Documents (1688-1847). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In: Maatstaf. After the Third Estate, which represented commoners and the lower clergy, declared itself the National Assembly, Robespierre became a prominent member of the Revolutionary body. What is Maximilien Robespierre known for? La fabrication d’un monstre, Le Grand Méchant Robespierre – Marc Bélissa and Yannick Bosc – discussion in French, dissecting the creation of the, Hervé Leuwers (University of Lille) on Robespierre (French), Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilien_Robespierre&oldid=993995824, Deputies to the French National Convention, French people executed by guillotine during the French Revolution, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Maximilien is born Maximilien Robespierre was born on May 6th, 1758 in Arras, France. ", This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 16:37. enforcing the … He was admitted to the Arras Academy in 1783 and soon became its chancellor and later its president. NOW 50% OFF! Leuwers, Hervé (2014) Robespierre. attempting to preserve the monarchy of Louis XVI. Maximilien Robespierre, oil on canvas by Pierre-Roch Vigneron, 1786; in the Museum of French History, Palace of Versailles. Robespierre was kept out of the committees and from the presidency of the National Assembly; only once, in June 1790, was he elected secretary of the National Assembly. OCLC 317736774, Andress, David. ", Jones, Colin. Linton, Marisa, 'Robespierre et l'authenticité révolutionnaire', McPhee, Peter. His Last Speech by Maximilien Marie Isidore Robespierre. He attacked Lafayette, who had become the commander of the French army and whom he suspected of wanting to set up a military dictatorship, but failed to obtain his dismissal and arrest. I selected him because I found his personality interesting, and wanted to know more about him. He hastened the vote on the constitution so as to attract “as many of the democratic party as possible,” inviting in his Adresse aux Français (July 1791; Address to the French) the patriots to join forces. Robespierre preserved his frugal way of life, his careful dress and grooming, and his simple manners both at Versailles and later in Paris. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! In 1791, Robespierre became an outspoken advocate for the citizens without a political voice, for their unrestricted admission to the National Guard, to public offices, and for t… His passionate fight for liberty won him more enemies, who called him a dangerous individual—and worse. Howe (1982) Foreign Policy and the French Revolution, p. 175-176, France and Its Revolutions: G. Long (1850) A Pictorial History 1789-1848, p. 265, Oeuvres de Maximilien Robespierre, Volume 9, p. 348-349, 352, 355, 359, 360, "From victory to defeat, the declaration of war against England and Spain, the insurrection in the Vendée, the fall of the Gironde - A People's History of the French Revolution", Fair Shares for All: Jacobin Egalitarianism in Practice by Jean-Pierre Gross, p. 37, "The dramas of Germinal and Thermidor - A People's History of the French Revolution", Collection complète des lois, décrets, ordonnances, réglemens, p. 325, Histoire de la Révolution française, Volume 2 by Louis Jean Joseph Blanc, p. 196, Eloise Ellery (1915) Brissot de Warville: A Study in the History of the French Revolution, p. 285, Oeuvres de Maximilien Robespierre, Volume 9 By Maximilien Robespierre, p. 530-534, Oeuvres de Maximilien Robespierre, Volume 9 By Maximilien Robespierre, p. 539, Histoire de la revolution Française, Volume 8 by Jules Michelet, p. 37, The Committee of public safety (6th April 1793 — 4th brumaire an IV), FRENCH CONSTITUTION of the twenty-fourth of June, 1793, Contesting the French Revolution by Paul R. Hanson, p. 100-101, Mandats à l’Assemblée nationale ou à la Chambre des députés, "Augustin, Bon, Joseph de Robespierre - Base de données des députés français depuis 1789 - Assemblée nationale", June to October 1793. In: A Critical Dictionary of the French Revolution. Maximilien Robespierre came to dominate the Committee of Public Safety during the Reign of Terror. Content on Alpha History is written specifically for students at middle school, high school and undergraduate levels. Profiles in power. He also served as president of the National Convention and on the Committee of Public Safety. answer choices. The Reign of Terror took place between September 5, 1793, and July 27, 1794. He managed to keep the Jacobin Club alive after all of its moderate members had joined a rival club. Hardman, John (1999) Robespierre. ", Poirot, Thibaut. He worked as a criminal judge and eventually became a successful advocate and chose overwhelmingly to represent the poor. McPhee, Peter. He also defended patriotic soldiers, such as those of the Châteauvieux regiment, who had been imprisoned after their mutiny at Nancy. His mother died in July of 1764 due to complications related to childbirth and his father, François de Robespierre, left the children to travel Europe. Oxford University Press, New York. Putnam's sons. Robespierre, his life threatened, went to live with the family of the cabinetmaker Maurice Duplay. He opposed the royal veto, the abuses of ministerial power, and religious and racial discrimination. His natural talents were mediocre and intellectually Robespierre was inferior to the leaders of the revolution, such as, Danton or Mirabeau. Emeritus Teaching Assistant in History of the French Revolution, University of Paris. Robespierre. Omissions? During the period of The French Revolution, Maximilien Robespierre, French lawyer and politician, was probably one of the most influential and well – known figures. Maximilien de Robespierre, a key figure in the French Revolution, helped to upend the monarchy. His new journal, Les Lettres à ses commettants (“Letters to His Constituents”), kept the provinces informed. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Robespierre is commemorated by two plaques in Paris, one on the exterior of the Duplays’ house, now 398, A stone bust by Albert Séraphin (1949) stands in the square Robespierre, opposite the theatre in, Charles Correia's 1980s bronze sculptural group at the Collège Robespierre in, Aulard, François-Alphonse (1897). Although he had defined the aims of insurrection, he hesitated to advocate it: “Fight the common enemy,” he told the provincial volunteers, “only with the sword of law.” When the insurrection nevertheless broke out on August 10, 1792, Robespierre took no part in the attack on the Tuileries Palace. "The overthrow of Maximilien Robespierre and the "indifference" of the people.". Robespierre was the son of a lawyer in Arras. He received a law degree in 1781 and became a lawyer at Arras, where he set up house with his sister Charlotte. Maximilien Robespierre was a law student (a very good one). They were able to manipulate and inspire the mobs in the streets and co-opt some of the army to bring about political instability, revolt against the monarchy, and support for the destruction of private property, the power of the aristocracy, and the Church. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? As a member of the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club, he campaigned for universal manhood suffrage and the abolition both of celibacy for the clergy, and slavery. Assembly of Colonists Vincent Ogé the Younger. The Brunswick Manifesto and the Radicalization of the French Revolution," French History 25, no. Librairie Jouaust. Internationale. The treason of General Charles Dumouriez, who went over to the Austrians, precipitated the crisis. "The choices of Maximilien Robespierre.". He studied law through a scholarship and in 1789 was elected to be a representative of the Arras commoners in the Estates General. Answers: 1 on a question: Maximilien Robespierre is best known in French history for A) rallying French support for the American Revolution B) trying to eliminate enemies of the French Revolution C) attempting to preserve the monarchy of Louis XVI D) enforcing the principles of the Napoleonic Code Although he had excluded himself and his colleagues from the new Legislative Assembly, Robespierre continued to be politically active, giving up the lucrative post of public prosecutor of Paris, to which he had been elected in June 1791. Cobban, Alfred. Linton, Marisa. Start studying History - Maximilien Robespierre. Thus he began his political career at the age of 30. Bienvenu, Richard T. (1968) The Ninth of Thermidor: The Fall of Robespierre. The Tennis Court Oath. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He later became well-known and succesful in this position. As a representative of the Third Estate, Robespierre promoted the interests of the lower classes. On July 27, 1794, Robespierre and a number of his followers were arrested at the Hôtel de Ville in Paris. In History. As a lawyer representing poor people, he had alarmed the privileged classes by his protests in his “Mémoire pour le Sieur Dupond” (“Report for Lord Dupond”) against royal absolutism and arbitrary justice. ", Shusterman, Noah C. "All of His Power Lies in the Distaff: Robespierre, Women and the French Revolution. By 1788 Robespierre was already well known for his altruism. - L'ARBR- Les Amis de Robespierre", OCR A Level History: The French Revolution and the rule of Napoleon 1774-1815 by Mike Wells, Non-Violence and the French Revolution: Political Demonstrations in Paris ... by Micah Alpaugh, p. 245-246, "The meaning of 9 Thermidor - A People's History of the French Revolution", http://www.laviedesidees.fr/L-epuisement-de-Robespierre.html, Letters Written in France By Helen Maria Williams, p. 178, 185, http://journals.openedition.org/ahrf/12537, François Crouzet (1999) Historians and the French Revolution: the case of Maximilien Robespierre, p. 256-261, http://www.booksandideas.net/Robespierre-the-Indecisive.html, The Enlightenment that Failed: Ideas, Revolution, and Democratic Defeat ...by Jonathan I. Israel, 482, Mémoires de Charles Barbaroux, député à la convention nationale ..., Volume 5 by Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux, Charles O. Barbaroux, p. 62-63, https://statues.vanderkrogt.net/object.php?webpage=ST&record=frif030, https://patrimoine.seinesaintdenis.fr/spip.php?page=document&id_document=1028036, https://patrimoine.seinesaintdenis.fr/spip.php?page=document&id_document=1028019, http://www.nella-buscot.com/jardins_montpellier_prf_2.php, Lewes, G.H. Paris, Pluriel. Vol. His private practice provided him with a comfortable income. Maximilien Robespierre has always been known to be controversial and misunderstood. Profile Books Ltd. Dunoyer, Alphonse (1913) The public prosecutor of the terror, Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville. He soon made a name for himself and was appointed a judge at the Salle Épiscopale, a court with jurisdiction over the provostship of the diocese. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Edited by François Furet and Mona Ozouf, "Georges Danton | French revolutionary leader", LAST LETTER OF MARIE-ANTOINETTE Centre historique des Archives nationale, Non-Violence and the French Revolution: Political Demonstrations in Paris ... by Micah Alpaugh, p. 158, Press in the French Revolution by John Thomas Gilchrist, p. 19, "Rousseau, Robespierre, and the French Revolution by James Read, p. 4", "On the Principles of Political Morality, February 1794", "Rousseau, Robespierre, and the French Revolution by James Read, p. 3", The public prosecutor of the terror, Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville, p. 250, The Morning Chronicle (18 August) and Gazette Nationale ou Le Moniteur Universel (29 July), Collection complète des lois, décrets d'intérêe général, traités ..., Band 7, p. 149, Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France: The Treatment of Foreigners by Michael Rapport, p. 203, History of the French Revolution by Adolphe Thiers, p. 426, A People's History of the French Revolution by Éric Hazan, p. 361-362, 19, "P. McPhee (2013) "My Strength and My Health Are not Great Enough": Political Crises and Medical Crises in the Life of Maximilien Robespierre, 1790–1794. Libr. New York. "The Robespierre Problem: An Introduction,", Michelet, Jules (1847) The History of the French Revolution (Charles Cocks, trans.) May 6, 1758. Verso. Longman. After his mother’s death, his father left home, and Maximilien, along with his brother and sisters, was raised by his maternal grandparents. "Terror and Self-Evidence: Robespierre and the General Will. Nickname: The Incorruptible. Author: Pierre Roch Vigneron. History >> Biography >> French Revolution. "Robespierre and War, a question posed as early as 1789?. Contrary to the long-held belief that Robespierre led an isolated life, he often visited local notables and mingled with the young people of the district. Blanc, Louis Jean Joseph (1869). Portrait of Maximilien Robespierre. "The Fundamental Ideas of Robespierre", Dicus, Andrew. It was at his suggestion that the Constituent Assembly passed an act according to which its members were banned from being elected to the future French parliament. He was a qualified lawyer and as the French Revolution took hold he led the radical party, the Jacobins, in the National Covention. French Revolution Primary Source Documents. "Robespierre, Old Regime Feminist? 30 March 2000. In October he was appointed a judge of the Versailles tribunal. The Committee of Public Safety and the Reign of Terror, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Maximilien-Robespierre, Heritage History - Biography of Robespierre, Alpha History - Biography of Maximilien François, Age of the Sage - Transmitting the Wisdoms of the Ages - Biography of Maximilien Robespierre, Maximilien de Robespierre - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. Maximilien and his siblings were raised by their paternal aunts. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Recueil de documents pour l'histoire du club des Jacobins de Paris (in French). Alpha History is written, curated and compiled by qualified teachers and historians. ", Benigno, Francesco. May 5, 1789. Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) was one of the leaders and orators of the French Revolution of 1789, best known for his involvement in the Reign of Terror that followed. May 1, 2020 - Explore PetiteHumaine's board "Robespierre" on Pinterest. Maximilien Robespierre (1758–1794) grew up in northern France, and he later earned a law degree from a school in Paris. Robespierre reached the height of his power under the National Convention. Maximilien de Robespierre was a radical Jacobin leader and one of the principal figures in the French Revolution. There he shared classes with Camille Desmoulins, who for much of the revolutio… Best known for: Ruling France during the Reign of Terror. 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