In Israel, between 100 and 15… The Arabian Wolf is small, adapted to the desert environment. The Iranian wolf was identified as gray wolf subspecies Canis lupus pallipes in 1931 by ornithologist William Henry Sykes. Today, however, its distribution has declined to less than 1/3rd its original range, with relict populations sprinkled over Europe, Asia, Arabia, and North America. Threats: Poisoning and deliberate persecution due to depredation on livestock. The wolf was once second only to the lion in terms of its nearly global distribution, covering much of Europe, Asia, the Arabian Peninsula, and North America. A highly adaptable animal, the gray wolf can be found in habitats ranging from the Arctic tundra of the far north to the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula. In captivity and good conditions living as a wild animal in the desert, the Arabian oryx have a lifespan of up to 20 years. Their ears are large in comparison to the rest of it's body (similar to the Arabian Wolf - Features and Adaptations Features and Adaptations The Arabian wolf is a small, desert adapted wolf that stands at around 26 inches shoulder height and weighs an average of 40 pounds Their ears are proportionally larger in relation to body size when compared to other species, an adaptation needed to disperse body heat. F BUNAIAN, A HATOUGH… – Turkish Journal of …, 2000, Group size and home range of the Arabian wolf (Canis lupus) in southern Israel; R Hefner, E Geffen – Journal of Mammalogy, 1999 –, Arabian oryx reintroduction in Oman: successes and setbacks This animal is endemic to the Arabian Peninsula. Current range – Small pockets in southern Israel (Negev desert), southern and western Iraq, Oman, Yemen, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and some parts of the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt. The hair Afik DA, Alkon PU. This breed lives on the Arabian Peninsula, especially in Iraq, Jordan, Egypt, and Israel. The Arabian Wolf was once found throughout the Near East and the Arabian Peninsula, but now can only be seen in small pockets in southern Israel, southern and western Iraq, Oman, Yemen, Jorda… All rights reserved. The Arabian wolf (Canis lupus arabs) is a desert-adapted canid that occurs throughout arid regions in the Middle East. 1994, Hefner and Geffen 1999) with a high reproductive rate (Furley 1985) may ensure their survival in an otherwise marginal environment.” Currently, it has the largest range among wolf subspecies and is the most common in Europe and Asia, ranging through Western Europe, Scandinavia, Russia, China, Mongolia and the Himalayan Mountains. The Arabian Leopard can be found in rugged mountains, where there is a nearby permanent water source. Once, the wolf was widespread across most of North America, but it was hunted ruthlessly and extirpated over most of its range. Mahazat as – Sayd – Protected Areas of Saudi Arabia. S Biquand, V Urios, A Boug, C Vila..  1994, MOVEMENTS OF A RADIO-COLLARED WOLF (CANISLUPUS PALLIPES) IN THE NEGEV HIGHLANDS, ISRAEL. The community is dominated by Vachellia raddiana and V. tortilis, accompanied by the semi-parasite Plicosepalus acaciae, and a number of shrubs such as Hammada salicornica, Anabasis articulata, Ochradenus baccatus, and Lycium shawii (Baharav 1980).”, Factors driving Arabian gazelles (Gazella arabica) in Israel to extinction: time series analysis of population size and juvenile survival in an unexploited population. Margolis, E. (2008). Through years of breeding, humans have developed many different colors and patterns in their fur. Conflicting management policies for the Arabian wolf Canis lupus arabs in the Negev Desert: is this justified?. with brown eyes, revealing that somewhere down the line their ancestors have interbred with feral dogs. Cunningham PL, Wronski T. Canid News. The Arabian wolf is known to kill domestic animals, including goats, which has resulted in many of the wolves falling victim to death by trapping, poisoning and shooting at the hands of farmers who were aiming to protect their livestock. Distribution. Its ears are proportionally larger in relation to its frame to help disperse and release body heat. Arabian wolf facts for kids. © 1999-2020 But it died out. Carrion was obtained at pits where dead livestock were frequently dumpe”, Trees and Flora In Oman, wolf populations have increased because of a ban on hunting, and they may naturally re-establish themselves in certain places within the region in the relatively near term. A Spalton – Canid News, 2002, Vertebrate fauna of Sabkhat from the Arabian Peninsula: a review of Mammalia, Reptilia and Amphibia Arabian Wolf . Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (Tel Aviv, Israel) It used to occur in the UAE. Some of the most common colors are grey, dark reddish-brown (known as “bay”), and light brown (known as “chestnut”). It will kill animals up to the size of a goat, but usually feeds on carrion, small birds, rodents, 2012 Mar, Re-introductions in today’s Arabian Peninsula: The first steps for a grander vision? They dig burrows Arabian Wolf lives in the Arabian peninsula, The omnivorous wolf is so rare now and only found in small pockets of Saudi Arabia, Israel and western Iraq. Journal Articles / Scientific Publications: Geographic distribution patterns of melanistic Arabian Wolves, Canis lupus arabs (Pocock), in Saudi Arabia (Mammalia: Carnivora). Arabian Wolf (Canis lupus arabs) – (Pocock 1934). The fur of the Arabian Wolf is short and thin in summer but with longer back hairs to help radiate and control the impact of solar heat on their backs. 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