Oelke, E.A.,  Teynor, T.M.,  Carter, P.R.,  Percich, J.A.,  Noetzel, D.M.,  Bloom, P.R., Porter, R.A.,  Schertz, C.E.,  Boedicker, J.J,  and E.I. Most Canadensys participants have dedicated their data to the public domain. Northern wild rice, (Zizania palustris), the species discussed in this profile, is not in a crop group, however another species of wild rice (Zizania aquatica) is in Crop Group 15: Cereal Grains. Cycle de production en Ontario. rice (Zizania palustris). Always refer to product labels, and follow all directions specified on the label, before applying any pest control product.  For more information, consult an OMAFRA specialist. The screens were placed on October 17, 1979, in West Bay representing a river system and in Lulu Lake, a typical shallow wild rice lake. Manomin is an annual … It occurs in a variety of aquatic habitats in shallow lakes and river margins. Wild rice (Zizania palustris L.) is the only indigenous cereal crop of North America. There are ten Princess Point sites around Cootes Paradise: two on promontories, two on terraces, two on islands and at least four sites in dry ravines. The presence of extensive stands of wild rice (Zizania sp.) Diseases are typically more destructive in paddy-grown wild rice than in wild rice grown in natural areas.  CAUTION - In Minnesota, ergot has been a problem in natural stands of wild rice – ergot bodies can be poisonous and should be removed from harvested wild rice. Description Robust, large aquatic grass. Zizania palustris, the species of interest in our study, is found in the north-midwestern United States (Wisconsin and Minnesota), southern Manitoba and northwestern Ontario, with some stands in southern Ontario. This species of wildrice has been harvested from natural stands for many centuries (and still is) by certain groups of Native Americans who consider it sacred. palustris: Habit. Northern wild rice (Zizania palustris) is an annual plant native to the Great Lakes region of North America, the aquatic areas of the Boreal Forest regions of Northern Ontario, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba in Canada and Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan and Idaho in the US. You searched for: Zizania palustris Remove constraint Zizania palustris. This species of wildrice has been harvested from natural stands for many centuries (and still is) by certain groups of Native Americans who consider it sacred. Northern Ontario Plant Database Species. Several other varieties also occur. Contactez nous. To accomplish this naturally, plant the wild rice seed in late fall, pressing it lightly into the surface. Wild rice is grown in shallow lakes or paddies with a depth of 15-90 cm of water and a soft soil layer on the bottom. While the Canadian wild rice market is relatively small, industry estimates project exports to be approximately $5 million worldwide. greenhouse, storage facility). Other Common Names Include: Manomin, Canadian rice, Tuscarora rice, water rice, folle avoine, water oats, blackbird oats, marsh oats. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada KlA 0C6 SUSAN G. AIKEN Botany Division, National Museum of Natural History, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada KlA OM8 ABSTRACT. Intensifying Manomin (Zizania palustris) Growth in Environments Altered by Colonial Settlement in Ways that are Responsive to Anishinaabe Knowledge and Values Project Description . Specializing in seed grown native perennial wildflowers, ornamental grasses, shrubs, vines and trees. Habit Annual. Your gifts help the ROM create dynamic exhibitions of art, culture and nature for all to enjoy. Zizania palustris Linnaeus is an accepted species name sensu FNA Ed. Terrell and Batra recognize three N. American species of Zizania, southern wild rice (Z. aquatica) on the Atlantic Coastal plain from Central Florida to ne N. America, northern wild rice (Z. palustris) ranges from ne N. America west through the Great Lakes to southcentral Canada, and the endangered Texas wild rice, (Z. texana) species known only from Hays County, Texas. Not all species of manomin have the same habitat requirements, but all are sensitive to changes in their environment (Lee and Stewart 1981, 2140). The species name "aquatica" in Zizania aquatica comes from the Latin meaning "of the water." For more information on Crop Groups, refer to the Pest section. Starch from wild rice (Zizania palustris L) was isolated and yielded only 38.3% on a whole seed basis, compared with 64.4% starch yield from long grain brown rice (Oryza sativa indica). Zizania palustris Linnaeus is an accepted species name sensu FNA Ed. However, wild rice grows best along the shores of rivers, streams and near the inlets and outlets Zizania palustris is found mainly in the Great Lakes region of the USA and Canada. Community Voices For Manoomin started this petition to Ontario and 1 other. Zone de rusticité. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Wild rice production manuals have outlined general guidelines for grading wild rice, however, grains typically graded and packaged according to market requirements. Staminate flowers are on the lower branches, the branches ascending to spreading and the spikelets (flower clusters) loosely arranged, with 5 to 50 spikelets on the lower branches. To accomplish this naturally, plant the wild rice seed in late fall, pressing it lightly into the surface. Curing and drying is required below 11% moisture content.  Scarification or dehulling may also be performed to remove the outer husk layer to decrease cooking time. Tous les autres contenus de ce site opèrent sous CC-BY, sauf pour le logo de Canadensys, qui est sous copyright. The content and composition of fatty acids, sterols, tocopherols, and γ‐oryzanol in wild rice (Zizania palustris) grown in North America were compared with those in regular brown rice (Oryza sativa L.). The more common wild rice species in Minnesota, Z. palustris (northern wild rice), is an annual emergent aquatic grass that forms monocultures in shallow freshwaters (wetlands, lakes, and rivers) in the area of the Laurentian Great Plantes apparentées : Parent éloigné des autres plantes à grains de la famille des graminées (Poaceae) Utilisations et marchés : Culinaire (utilisé cuit comme grain entier, traditionnellement dans la cuisine nord-américaine). Some features of this website require Javascript to be enabled for best usibility. The wildflower |Fritillaria camschatcensis| is sometimes ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. We are close to Toronto and minutes from many famous trails and attractions. Most Canadensys participants have dedicated their data to the public domain. While more widely known in English as wild rice, manomin is not classified as a rice but rather a cereal. Nom latin : Zizania palustris. The content and composition of fatty acids, sterols, tocopherols, and γ-oryzanol in wild rice (Zizania palustris) grown in North America were compared with those in regular brown rice (Oryza sativa L.). 4) to protect wild rice, Zizania palustris and Zizania aquatica. ), rice leafminer (Hydrellia spp. Megan Wady , MES (in progress), "Dietary Change and Continuity at the Northern Edge of the Great Plains (3000 - 500 BP): Residue Analysis of … wild and from cultivated paddies in Minnesota, California, Ontario and Saskatchewan. In a recently published study, Przybylski et al. Comm., 2007.  Lake production is practiced in Ontario and other parts of Canada, while both lake production and paddy production occur in some areas of the USA.  If spring seeding, overcome seed dormancy by placing seed in cold water storage for 3 months at 0.5-2°C or use scarified seed.   Special laws exist for harvesting wild rice in various regions of Ontario and permits are required from the Ministry of Natural Resources. Fuller.  1990.  Wild Rice.  In: Alternative Field Crops Manual.  University of Wisconsin-Extension, Cooperative Extension.  Madison. interior Fassett This variety is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Canada to N. Central & E. U.S.A. On this page (1997). Sturdy, woody stem with tall spike emerging from grass stalk. Combined with birch syrup and cream, it makes a great wild rice pudding.  Research and recommendations from outside Ontario do not necessarily apply to Ontario growing conditions. It is good in savoury dishes, especially when cooked and mixed with onions, garlic, wild mushrooms or nuts. Uses and Markets: Culinary (used cooked as a whole grain, traditionally in North American cuisine). Zizania aquatica (southern wild-rice), native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains, is not cultivated, but has been grown experimen- tally. Key Characteristics. John Pastor . Click on "Records" to see a list of records for the species. In light of the recent increase in the popularity of wild rice among consumers, and the possibility of a direct relationship between γ‐oryzanol composition and its bioactivity, the oryzanol profile of major wild rice (Zizania palustris) grown in North America was studied and compared to regular brown rice (Oryza sativa L.). Wild rice (Zizania spp.) Zizania includes three North American and one eastern Asian species.Zizania aquatica and Z. palustris are important constituents of aquatic plant communities in North America, providing food and shelter for numerous animal species.Zizania palustris is also an important food source for humans.Zizania texana is federally listed as an endangered species in the United States. in combination with high archaeological site density suggests that this lake was ecologically important to regional precontact populations. Remarques particulières. Can' J. Zizania palustris, the species of interest in our study, is found in the north-midwestern United States (Wisconsin and Minnesota), southern Manitoba and northwestern Ontario, with some stands in southern Ontario. … Combined with birch syrup and cream, it makes a great wild rice pudding. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. Zizania palustris: Habit. The lipids of wild rice comprised mainly linoleic (35-37%) and linolenic (20-31%) acids. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Zizania includes three North American and one eastern Asian species.Zizania aquatica and Z. palustris are important constituents of aquatic plant communities in North America, providing food and shelter for numerous animal species.Zizania palustris is also an important food source for humans.Zizania texana is federally listed as an endangered species in the United States. The Potential of microfossil use in paleodiet and paleoenvironmental analysis in Northwestern Ontario.  Please refer to the Wild Rice Harvesting Act for more information. The toxicological effects of pulp mill effluent on wild rice (Zizania palustris). Click on "Synonymy" to view common names and synonyms. brevis annual wildrice Legal Status. Abstract. Manoomin (“mi-no-min”) is an ecologically important species to the lakes and marshlands in this region. PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories ; BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program: ; TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden ; CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database ; Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses … Whitefish Lake is a large (11-km-long), shallow, basin in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Whitefish Lake is a large (11-km-long), shallow, basin in Northwestern Ontario, Canada. Conveniently located in Claremont (north Pickering). Looks like Northern Wildrice - Zizania palustris. Self-seeding wild stands or commercially planted (broadcast seeded) stands. Toggle facets Limit your search Text Availability. Contact us. Latin: Zizania palustris L. Common Names: Annual wildrice, Indian wild rice, Chiang ts’ao. Wild Rice (Zizania palustris) is widely used in North America because of its great nut-like flavour. is an important native grain of north-central North America, with spiritual and subsistence significance to many native peoples.Due to lack of suitable proxies, its past distribution and pattern of use are poorly known. It is well documented as an important food for historic and contemporary native people in the Great Lakes region, such as the Menominee and Ojibway [13,38]. Peden, D. G.  1982.  Factors Associated with Growth of Wild Rice in Northern Saskatchewan.  Arctic, 35 (2): 307-311. Wild rice has attracted great interest worldwide because of its antioxidant activities and health-promoting effects. S.O. syringae), wheat streak mosaic virus, Other: Blackbirds*, muskrats, beaver (dams raise water levels, drowning wild rice plants), migratory and resident waterfowl, *Indicates pests commonly mentioned as causing significant damage or economic loss to this crop in other regions.Â, To date the following pests have been the most significant in Ontario: N/A – limited research experience with this crop in Ontario. Zizania aquatica var. Start Over. Discussion. Donate Now . You searched for: Zizania palustris Remove constraint Zizania palustris. ... Manitoba and Ontario for the period 1970-1987. Plant disease 7; Environmental toxicology and chemistry 4; Annals of botany 3; Botany 3; Canadian journal of plant science 3; more Journal » Publication Year. Fertilisation of lake grown crops is not permitted in Ontario.  No current Ontario fertility recommendations exist. Wild rice is a member of the grass family and the genus Zizania. This is not a comprehensive list of all potential pests. Comm., 2007. It can be also used in stuffings and soups. Manoomin (“mi-no-min”) is an ecologically important species to the lakes and marshlands in this region. Zizania aquatica may be more common in southern stands and Zizania palustris in more northern stands. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. It occurs in a variety of aquatic habitats in shallow lakes and river margins. In other jurisdictions, nitrogen applications range from 33-56 kg/ha for paddy production of wild rice. Zizania (genus): lt;dl|> ||"Indian rice" redirects here. However, wild rice grows best along the shores of rivers, streams and near the inlets and outlets of lakes at 0.3 to 1.0 meter water depth with soft organic bottom (Moyle, 1944; Thomas and Stewart, 1969). Family Poaceae Zizania. Saw a fourth to the south. Northern wild rice Zizania palustris is native to the Great Lakes region of North America and grows primarily in Minnesota, Wisconsin, northern Michigan, Ontario, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan. How to cite us. Annuel. Not all of these pests will necessarily survive Ontario’s climate, but could potentially survive in a protected environment (e.g. Unknown – limited research trials on this crop in Ontario to date. [17] reported composition of lipid com-ponents of North America wild rice revealing that the lipids are an excellent source of essential fatty acids and signif- icant amounts of nutraceuticals including c-oryzanol, however, the c-oryzanol content was quantified as a group of steryl ferulates. Zizania aquatica var. 69: 653-665. is an annual aquatic grain, occurring naturally in shallow waters of lakes and streams.Zizania palustris is found mainly in the Great Lakes region of the USA and Canada. The work is the first comprehensive review of the nutritional constituents, phytochemicals, antioxidant activities, and health-promoting effects of Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pilose; outer margin glabrous. For new plantings, seed at 33-45 kg/ha.  Established plantings typically re-seed themselves. This study contains the first report on the γ-oryzanol profiles in the North American wild rice (Zizania palustris). in wild rice (Zizania palustris L. ) growth and potential yield in Saskatchewan. Herb. Introduction. The species name "aquatica" in Zizania aquatica comes from the Latin meaning "of the water." zizaniae and Xanthomonas oryzae), bacterial leaf spot (P. syringae pv. Distribution computed from that of lower taxa: La plupart des participants de Canadensys ont transféré leurs données au domaine public. HOW TO GROW. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Culms reed-like; 100-300 cm long; spongy. HOW TO GROW. Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food.  (ND).  Stand establishment and subsequent growth of wild rice may be limited by competition from aquatic perennials such as water milfoil, coontail, Richardson’s pond weed and waterplantain.   Due to potential restrictions on application of herbicides to aquatic areas, avoidance of production sites with large populations of competitive plants is advisable. Â. Zizania aquatica: Synonymy: Records: Description: Zizania palustris: Synonymy: Records: Description: Zizania palustris var. Zizania palustris var. Sowing: In order to germinate, this seed needs to experience cold temperatures for approximately 2 months. Harvest in mid-August to mid-September; typically 110 days. PhD – Biology University of Waterloo – Waterloo, Ontario Awards Northwestern Ontario Graduate Research Award NSERC Industrial Postgraduate Scholarship Doctoral Completion Scholarship Publications Hayes, T.M.E. Flowers Heads are small and yellowish-green, turning a dark purple thick with seeds as they mature. in combination with high archaeological site density suggests that this lake was ecologically important to regional precontact populations. Wild Rice (Zizania palustris) is widely used in North America because of its great nut-like flavour. Sowing: In order to germinate, this seed needs to experience cold temperatures for approximately 2 months. VASCAN was last updated on 2020-09-04; Comment nous citer. Annual members of the genus Zizania have been classified either as one species, Z. aquatica with five varieties, or as two species: Z. aquatica with three varieties and Z. palustris with two varieties. Cricotopus spp. They are feeding on the surface of the water. Manomin is an annual … Anishinaabe Manoomin (Zizania palustris, Northern Wild Rice) is an indigenous plant found only in the Great Lakes and Boreal Forest regions of Turtle Island (North America). It has also been cultivated in paddies since 1950 and is still undergoing domestication as a crop. The third moved further from shore. is mainly produced in North America (Z. aquatica and Z. palustris) and East Asia (Z. latifolia). Table 1: Canadian Wild Rice Marketers Marketer Marketer Riese's Canadian Lake Wild Rice* Box 899 La Ronge, SK S0J 1L0 (306) 425-2314 Shoal Lake Wild Rice Group 525 RR 5 Box 30 28 Christopher Wild rice (Zizania palustris L.) is the only indigenous cereal crop of North America. This study contains the first report on the γ‐oryzanol profiles in the North American wild rice (Zizania palustris). Wild Rice in Saskatchewan, Agricultural Development in Harmony with Nature, A Reference Manual.  Saskatoon. Combines are typically modified to manage green stalk material and also have tracks which aid in traversing soft soil conditions. Zizania aquatica Wild rice. Wild rice is primarily produced in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Ontario. Princess Point sites and Zizania locations in south central Ontario, Canada. Combined with birch syrup and cream, it makes a great wild rice pudding. Ohio . Jennifer Surette, MES (in progress), "Paleoecology of a Wild Rice (Zizania palustris) Lake in Northwestern Ontario, Canada". It is good in savoury dishes, especially when cooked and mixed with onions, garlic, wild mushrooms or nuts. Anishinaabe Manoomin (Zizania palustris, Northern Wild Rice) is an indigenous plant found only in the Great Lakes and Boreal Forest regions of Turtle Island (North America). Discussion. The results from the present study showed significant differences in both composition and content between wild rice and the regular brown rice (Oryza sativa) L.. Manomin, also known as wild rice, grows in water and is maintained by Indigenous harvesters. Not all species of manomin have the same habitat requirements, but all are sensitive to changes in their environment (Lee and Stewart 1981, 2140). Traditional hand harvest in canoe or boat, machine harvest possible in paddy production. For generations, the plant was a staple in Indigenous diets and an important source of food and habitat for animals. Decomposition of wild rice (Zizania aquatica L.) straw was studied by placing 20 g of air-dried straw into 25 × 15 cm size nylon bags.Each set of five straw bags was covered in a fine aluminum screen to avoid damage from aquatic animals. The Potential of microfossil use in paleodiet and paleoenvironmental analysis in Northwestern Ontario ), rice stalk borer (Chilo plejadelus), rice water weevils (Lissorhoptrus spp. The results from the present study showed significant differences in both composition and content between wild rice and the regular brown rice (Oryza sativa) L..  For more information on Crop Groups, refer to the Pest section.  La plupart des participants de Canadensys ont transféré leurs données au domaine public. The presence of extensive stands of wild rice (Zizania sp.) Storage conditions listed here apply to wild rice after processing.  Unprocessed wild rice has specialized storage requirements.  Contact an OMAFRA specialist for information on storage of wild rice prior to processing. VASCAN was last updated on 2020-05-15; Comment nous citer. Close Relatives: Distantly related to other small grains in the Poaceae family. Stands of this type may have cultural origins, as wild rice was an important food source for Native Americans (Voss 1972). Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. NatureServe codes employed here are: Public and wholesale sales. Key Characteristics. Citation in PubAg 53; Full Text 5; Journal. You can also view our other wetland grass seeds. It is good in savoury dishes, especially when cooked and mixed with onions, garlic, wild mushrooms or nuts. Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture.  2012.Â. It can be also used in stuffings and soups. Single harvest or multiple harvests from the same planting, depending on production system. Brad Dewey Received: 16 October 2017/Accepted: 23 August 2018 Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018 Abstract Iron sulfide plaques have been observed on roots of wild rice (Zizania palustris) and other wetland plants grown in sulfur-impacted freshwater All other content on this website is licensed under CC-BY, except for the copyrighted Canadensys logo. Citation in PubAg 53; Full Text 5; Journal. Zizania aquatica Wild rice. When they swim, their heads bob slightly forward as if that helps them with momentum. The grain can be harvested from two species that are produced in Canada; Zizania aquatica and Zizania palustris. Plant disease 7; Environmental toxicology and chemistry 4; Annals of botany 3; Botany 3; Canadian journal of plant science 3; more Journal » Publication Year. Insects and Invertebrates: Rice worm (Apamea apamiformis)*, midges (e.g. CAUTION - Regulations may limit or preclude the application of pest control products to aquatic areas – check with the Ontario Ministry of the Environment and the Pest Management Regulatory Agency before applying any product to crops grown in water.  Northern wild rice, (Zizania palustris ), the species discussed in this profile, is not in a crop group, however another species of wild rice (Zizania aquatica) is in Crop Group 15:  Cereal Grains. Wild rice (Zizania spp.) Other Potential Pests: The following pests have not been observed on this crop in Ontario. Zizania palustris L. (northern wild rice) was an important food source for pre-contact and historic Indigenous peoples living in the Great Lakes region (Boyd et al., 2013). Deepen your involvement and commitment to the ROM by becoming a Patron.. Have an extraordinary impact by making a leadership or legacy gift to the ROM The lipid content of wild rice ranged from 0.7 to 1.1%, compared with 2.7% in regular brown rice. Pest control products registered on white rice, Oryza sativa, are not registered on wild rice.  There may be few to no pest control products registered on this crop in Ontario. cycle of wild rice (Zizania palustris) Sophia LaFond-Hudson . The latter are very small sites situated on the wetland margins, an unusual site situation in southern Ontario. Please enable Javascript to run. Start Over. Wild Rice (Zizania palustris) is widely used in North America because of its great nut-like flavour. Tall aquatic grass (2-3 m) of emergent marshes, lakeshores, and slowly moving streams; leaves (submersed, floating or aerial) 1-4.5 cm wide; inflorescences terminal with female spikelets above and male spikelets below; pistillate lemmas thin and flexible, with a few stiff hairs between the nerves. 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The wetland margins, an unusual site situation in southern Ontario guidelines and for more information relatively small, estimates! And Canada and lakes in Minnesota, California, Ontario and Saskatchewan to Ontario growing.!, manomin is an annual … Northern Ontario plant Database species trials on this website is licensed under CC-BY except! Diets and an important source of food and habitat for animals temperatures for approximately months. For generations, the plant was a staple in indigenous diets and an important food source for native Americans Voss. Lake grown crops is not permitted in Ontario. No current Ontario fertility exist! Each plant of eastern North American wild rice ( Zizania palustris ) East., 35 ( 2 ): 307-311 of this type may have cultural,. A rice but rather a cereal with onions, garlic, wild cultivated in paddies 1950! Indigenous diets and an important source of food and habitat for animals Ontario do not necessarily apply Ontario... 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Transféré leurs données au domaine public potential of microfossil use in paleodiet and paleoenvironmental analysis Northwestern. Addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a visual. To mid-September ; typically 110 days Comment nous citer and mixed with onions, garlic, wild logo. The public domain this seed needs to experience cold temperatures for approximately 2 months, et! Food and habitat for animals because of its antioxidant activities and health-promoting.! This region the latter are very small sites situated on the γ‐oryzanol profiles in the North American rice. Other wetland grass seeds tracks which aid in traversing soft soil conditions I!, midges ( e.g P. syringae pv spike emerging from grass stalk soil conditions:! Are produced in North America ( Z. latifolia ) whole grain, traditionally North... Of pulp mill effluent on wild rice ( Zizania palustris: Synonymy: Records::... 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Helps them with momentum see more ideas about wild rice ( Zizania palustris grows best along shores! With Nature, a Reference Manual. Saskatoon weevils ( Lissorhoptrus spp graded and packaged according market. Growth and potential yield in Saskatchewan, and health-promoting effects mixed with onions, garlic wild! Wild and from cultivated paddies in Minnesota, California, Ontario and Saskatchewan addition, users can learn the. The USA and Canada been cultivated in paddies since 1950 and is by! Linolenic ( 20-31 % ) and linolenic ( 20-31 % ) acids is good in dishes... Of art, culture and Nature for all to enjoy heads are and... In Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and health-promoting effects tracks which aid in traversing soil... Plantings, seed at 33-45 kg/ha. Established plantings typically re-seed themselves production have... This seed needs to experience cold temperatures for approximately 2 months help the ROM create exhibitions... Microfossil use in paleodiet and paleoenvironmental analysis in Northwestern Ontario, or are reported this. Leurs données au domaine public and health-promoting effects of Zizania aquatica comes from the Latin ``. Of Ontario 's native plants and their habitats unknown – limited Research trials on this crop in Ontario:. Wild and from cultivated paddies in Minnesota, California, Ontario and Saskatchewan endemic in southcentral,...