The Western Pygmy Blue is the smallest butterfly in the United States. Read more about Sighting Record 1277854; Sighting Record 1277851. Unlike many other butterflies in the Blues Subfamily (Polyommatinae), Western Pygmy-Blues are not blue in color and are instead varying shades of gray and brown. It may be the most familiar North American butterfly, and is considered an iconic pollinator species. Observation Notes: Large numbers of individuals seen here. Adult behaviour Western Pygmy Blues are active only in hot sunshine, at which time they will nectar avidly at any available flower. It can be recognized by the copper brown and dull blue pattern at the bases of both wings. Full Sun Summer Western Pygmy-Blue Amaryllidaceae - (Yucca) Amaryllis Family Manfreda (2) sp. Butterflies known as blues are all small, but this one is absurdly tiny, measuring barely over half an inch across with its wings fully spread. Since you are already here then chances are that you are looking for the Daily Themed Crossword Solutions. and brilliant orange Monarchs to the world’s tiniest butterfly, the Western Pygmy Blue (Brephidium exilis), and the largest, Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing (Ornithoptera alexandrae), an incredible variety of butterflies are represented in all of their beauty and wonder. Salicornia (2) spp. An interesting fact is that the species displays a classic source-sink meta-population dynamic (2). How Much Does A Monarch Butterfly Weigh? Estigmene acrea (saltmarsh caterpillar) photo by Val Bugh. are laid singly on the upperside of leaves of. The Western Pygmy-Blue (Brephidium exile) is a tiny butterfly widespread across much of the southwestern United States, eastward to far east Texas. The sod webworm (Crambus sperryellus, Tehama bonifatella) is a caterpillar that pupates into a lawn moth. Western Pygmy blue: The Western Pygmy blue (Brephidium exilis) with a wingspan of .62 inch (1.5 cm). Eastern Tail-blue. The Western Pygmy Blue (Brephidium exilis) caterpillar pupates into the smallest butterfly in California, about three-quarters of an inch around. The two-tailed swallowtail is North America's largest butterfly, with a wingspan of up to 6.5 inches (16.5cm). The western pygmy blue butterfly is one of the world's smallest butterflies and has a wingspan of only 0.5 inches (1.27cm). Glasswort Full Sun Western Pygmy-Blue Suaeda torreyana Sea Blight (!) The monarch butterfly or simply monarch (Danaus plexippus) is a milkweed butterfly (subfamily Danainae) in the family Nymphalidae. It appears in the summer or fall on an oak tree's lower leaves and feeds the entire season before entering the pupa stage of the oak moth. it is found in the southern United States. Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com, in California, Arizona, Yucatan, Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, the It should be followed in the sequence prescribed. Each time you watch a lemon-yellow Cloudless Sulphur flutter through your yard, or rush to get a glimpse of a Western Pygmy Blue perched atop a saltbush, you are witnessing a miracle. Nearly an inch long, it is off-white with a double row of dark spots and bristles down its back. This species is found in scrubby grassland and semi-desert habitats Subfamily: Polyommatinae. Photo by Karen Hillson. Echinargus isola. Cupido comyntas. Monarch butterflies are one of the most recognizable butterfly species on the planet. On discovering a puss caterpillar infestation, insure that you, your family, and others stay out of the area to avoid getting stung, until you are properly dressed and have appropriate treatment equipment with you. White Bugs & Circular Patches of Dead Grass, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: How to Manage Pests: Pests in Gardens and Landscapes: California Oakworm, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: How to Manage Pests: Pests in Gardens and Landscapes: Leafrollers on Ornamental and Fruit Trees, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: How to Manage Pests: Pests in Gardens and Landscapes: Lawn Insects, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: How to Manage Pests: The US Guide to Healthy Lawns: Lawn Moths and Sod Webworms, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: How to Manage Pests: The US Guide to Healthy Lawns: Lawn Moths and Sod Webworms - Life Cycle, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: How to Manage Pests: Pests in Gardens and Landscapes: Hornworms, University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources: How to Manage Pests: UC Pest Management Guidelines: Cole Crops: Imported Cabbageworm, University of California Irvine: Natural History of Orange County, California and Nearby Places: Pygmy Blue, Stanford University: Butterflies of the Baylands, How to Find a Caterpillar in Your Front Yard. Bahamas and the Cayman Islands; whereas. Flower Caterpillars. The West Coast Lady prefers plants in the mallow (Malvaceae) and nettle (Urtica dioica) family. It has reached Hawaii, as well as the Persian Gulf, including eastern Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates. Specimen Type: Photograph. The smallest butterfly in the world is the Western Pygmy Blue. The Western Pygmy Blue (Brephidium exilis) caterpillar pupates into the smallest butterfly in California, about three-quarters of an inch around. ... Western Pygmy Blue. First, protect yourself and others. So: tiny but beautiful. WESTERN PYGMY BLUE (Brephidium exile) Wingspan .5 - .6" Smallest butterfly in North America. Blue Copper - Lycaena heteronea: Lilac-bordered Copper - Lycaena nivalis: Boisduval's Blue - Plebejus icarioides: Western Pygmy Blue - Brephidium exile: Siva Juniper Hairstreak - Callophrys gryneus siva: Yuma Skipper - Ochlodes yuma: Sylvan Hairstreak - Satyrium sylvinus: Colorado Hairstreak - Hypaurotis crysalus: Small Wood Nymph - Cercyonis oetus … The imported cabbageworm (Pieris rapae) feeds on plants in the mustard family, including cabbage, devouring leaves and boring into heads. Thanatus sp. They only have a wingspan of about 1/2 inch and weigh as little as a few thousandths of a gram. Western Pygmy Blue Facts The rather stunning Western Pygmy Blue provides living proof that beauty thrives even amidst great desolation. As with the tomato hornworm, if natural predators or handpicking larva from plants is not sufficient for control, insecticides such as Bacillus thuringiensis or spinosad may be sprayed on leaves and stems. The upperside is an orangey-brown, with blue shading on the bases of the wings. There isn’t room for much color on those wings, but a touch of blue shows up in flight. The caterpillar is pale green and rough-textured, matching the stems and leaves of the foodplants. Range: Caterpillar Food Plants for Central Texas Mike Quinn, past president Austin Butterfly Forum Revised Feb. 2018 entomike@gmail.com – 512-577-0250 ... Trianthema portulacastrum Desert Horsepurslane Western Pygmy-Blue Apiaceae – Carrot Family Daucus pusillus Wild carrot Black Swallowtail An adult butterfly may be the sole survivor of hundreds of siblings; it has eluded a host of predators both large and small, and has but a week or two to find a … The rather stunning Western Pygmy Blue provides living proof that beauty thrives even amidst great desolation. The ants feed on the solution and in turn protect the caterpillar from predators (a behavior referred to as "tending"). © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Spicebush Swallowtail. The fruittree leafroller moth (Archips argyrospila) feeds on trees in the springtime, rolling up or tying leaves together with silken threads to feed as a caterpillar and then pupate in their shelter. Note how the caterpillar resembles bird droppings. The Monarch over-winters in large numbers at several Bay Area locations. Upperside copper brown with dull blue at the bases of both wings. This page is a collection of images that are attached to a branch of the Tree of Life. The tomato hornworm (Manduca quinquemaculata) is well known to gardeners as the green caterpillar that feeds on tomato plants. She holds a Bachelor of the Arts in political science and a Master of Fine Arts in writing. photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian However, it's metallic-centered black eye-spots and beautiful blue-gray underside color … It lives only in the western United States where it is found year round. Look no further because you will find whatever you are looking for in here. The smallest butterfly in North America, with it's wings closed it would fit within the fingernail on your pinkie. Spring Azure. Butterflies of the Grand Canyon have an enormous range in size. caterpillar. The Lepidoptera remains active year-round in the warmest portions of its range. (Boisduval, 1852) Family: Lycaenidae. Celastrina ladon. Clark has also published short literary fiction in the "Southern Humanities Review" and has co-authored a novel. Western Pygmy-Blue. ... Western Pygmy-Blue. Western Pygmy Blue (Brephidium exilis) Western Pygmy Blue on another Plains Fleabane (note unrolling petals). Whatever they change into, moth or butterfly, one truth is fundamental -- caterpillars are always hungry. Depending on the types of caterpillars living in your yard, you may end up with butterflies fluttering about pollinating flowers, or a bunch of moths laying eggs, producing yet more hungry caterpillars to chomp on your vegetables and lawn. The pale green eggs Date Notes: clear, 50 degrees F. Read more about Sighting Record 1279048; Sighting Record 1277854. Reducing the lawn's thatch and adding a microbial, such as Bacillus thuringiensis, or garden-friendly nematodes may be used to treat an outbreak. Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the … This is the smallest butterfly in North America. Caterpillars, the larval stage of moths and butterflies, can be either pests or welcome guests. This delicate insect also constitutes one of the smallest butterflies on earth and the smallest known in North America. Common in late summer, fall especially in the riparian zones. Reakirt's Blue. Western Pygmy-Blue Eastern Pygmy-Blue Eastern Tailed-Blue Spring Azure Summer Azure Ceraunus Blue Reakirt’s Blue. The female is larger then the male, and less blue. Brephidium exile (western pygmy-blue) photo by Val Bugh. RICHARD DAY/ DAYBREAK IMAGERY Western pygmy blue Western Pygmy Blue. Other common names, depending on region, include milkweed, common tiger, wanderer, and black veined brown. At these sites it breeds all winter, except in the coldest weather. Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. It is attended by ants which milk it for sugary secretions. avidly at any available flower. The western pygmy can be found throughout North America and as far west as Hawaii and the middle east. Papilio troilus. Hairstreaks Great Purple Hairstreak Juniper Hairstreak Frosted Elfin Henry’s Elfin Eastern Pine Elfin Oak Hairstreak Northern’ Southern Hairstreak Banded Hairstreak The tiny Western Pygmy Blue measures only 3/8 – 3/4 inch (10- 19 mm) It can be found in East Oregon, South Western United States, east to Nebraska, parts of Mexico and South America. The webworm emerges at night, creating bare patches on a lawn by eating its leaves. They do not form a chrysalis, but attach themselves with silk strings to stems or other objects. Butterfly Caterpillars are tan, brown, or black with yellow stripes along the back. Monarch butterfly: The Monarch is a common poisonous butterfly that eats poisonous milkweed in its larval stage and lays its eggs on the milkweed plant. From iridescent blue Swallowtails (Papilio spp.) Organism Type: butterfly. The forewing is shaded with orange on the outermost half; the hindwing is marked with brown patches in the middle and is edged with a row of dark blue spots lined in metallic gold. Underside of hindwing is copper brown with white at the base; fringe mostly white; 3 small black spots near base; row of black spots at outer margin. Western Pygmy-Blue butterflies are common here in southeastern Arizona, especially in the early fall, but they are not very conspicuous or easy to spot given their tiny size. (running crab spider) photo by Val Bugh. Despite its size and seeming fragility, during the summer months the Western Pygmy blue flies north to lay its blue-green eggs. The Gulf Fritillary is a non-native species that has successfully colonized parts of the East and South Bay. Common Name: (Western) Pygmy Blue This species demonstrates classic source-sink metapopulation dynamics. In respect to the geographic distribution of the Western Pygmy Blue, the species can be found ranging from central California to southern Nevada and central New Mexico (1). The first 2 shots shown here were taken at Santa Ana N.W.R., Hidalgo Co., Texas, in October, 2009, with a Canon EOS 1D Mark III and an EF 300mm F/4 L IS lens and 2X extender and 580 flash. They grow up to 4 inches long and are named for the horn that protrudes from their back end. Western Pygmy Blue butterflies are the smallest sub-species of butterfly. Welcome to our website for all Western Pygmy ___ smallest butterflies in the world . These eggs hatch into light green to cream-white caterpillars that feed on pickleweed, saltbush and pigweed. are active only in hot sunshine, at which time they will nectar Green with a black or green head, it is found on ornamental, oak and fruit trees. So: tiny but beautiful. Description. The tiny butterfly’s wingspan can be as little as 12 millimeters. at altitudes between 0-500m. The California oakworm (Phryganidia californica) is a greenish-yellow caterpillar with dark stripes and a brown head. Caterpillars may appear from the beginning of summer to the middle of fall in all species of turfgrass, as well as creeping bentgrass, Kentucky bluegrass, and clovers where they pupate in the soil and thatch. Underneath, the wings are grayish white towards the base. Leptotes marina. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in Pipevine Swallowtail. 1. The following is a step-by-step approach that the author has used and supervised. Identification: Tiny. Otala lactea (garden snails mating) photo by Val Bugh. Its counterpart, the eastern blue pygmy can be found in forests along the Atlantic coasts. It is green and white with yellow lines and can be found in the San Francisco Bay area from March to October. Marine Blue. All West of the Sierra it overwinters successfully only very locally, usually on alkali soils with the favored native host plant Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae) but not subject to flooding. whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Our staff has managed to solve all the [...] Read More "Western Pygmy ___ smallest butterflies in the world" by Karen Hillson. Its wingspan is 0.5 to 0.75 inch. This delicate insect also constitutes one of the smallest butterflies on earth and the smallest known in North America. Brephidium exilis. Papilio glaucus. The western pygmy blue (Brephidium exilis or Brephidium exile) is one of the smallest butterflies in the world and the smallest in North America. Huaco Full Sun Sp-Fall Manfreda Giant-Skipper Apiaceae - Parsely Family (I) Anethum graveolens Dill Sp-Sum Black Swallowtail (Plant is an escaped cultivar) The caterpillars of many of the species of Blues and Hairstreaks have a dorsal nectary organ which produces a sugary solution agreeable to ants. Her professional experience includes teaching and tutoring students of all ages in literature, history and writing. “Western pygmy blues eat tumbleweeds,” says Forister. Defoliation from caterpillars causes minimal damage to healthy trees; however, non-toxic pesticides, such as the microbial Bacillus thuringiensis or the botanical compound pyrethrum and piperonyl butoxide, should be sprayed thoroughly on leaves when managing an outbreak in weaker trees. Her work includes articles on gardening, education and literature. Brephidium exilis. Butterflies of the Bay Area Birds: Black-crested Titmouse (Baeolophus atricristatus) Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) Monarchs have a wingspan of 3 3/8 - 4 7/8 inches (8.6 - 12.4 cm). “[The plant is] rough and spiny, but these caterpillars find a way to eat it.” Western pygmy blue butterflies live outside the city of Reno, Nevada. Its favorite food plants include tumbleweed (salsola tragus), saltbush (Atriplex hymenelytra) and petunia (Petunia × hybrida). Green and bristly with a yellowish orange dorsal stripe and broken side stripes, this caterpillar grows up to an inch in length before pupating into a butterfly. The smallest butterfly in the world is the Western Pygmy-Blue (Brephidium exilis). Karen Clark has been writing professionally since 2001.